Coercive Population Control Policies Don’t Work
In an affidavit filed in the Supreme Court to counter a petition seeking implementation of two-child norm to check the country’s population in December 2020, the Union Ministry for Health and Family Welfare said,
“India’s TFR is already down substantially to 2.2 as per the 2018 Sample Registration System… from 3.2 in 2000 when the National Population Policy was adopted. The Family Welfare Programme is voluntary in nature, which enables couples to decide the size of their family and adopt the family planning methods best suited to them, according to their choice, without any compulsion,” the ministry noted.
Moreover, even for states which have high fertility rates, there is no evidence that a two-child policy is effective.
Similar policies in other states have failed to bring down the fertility rates to the desired level. A five-state study by Nirmala Buch, a former senior IAS officer, revealed that such a policy was counter-productive in the states that adopted it.
Stringent population control measures could potentially lead to an increase in sex selective practices, given the strong son-preference in India.
China, which had enforced a one-child policy had to eventually abandon it, after finding itself in the midst of a population crisis and a very undesirable and abnormally high male-to-female sex ratio. In fact, this has forced the Chinese government to allow each couple to have up to three children, marking the end of a strict two-child policy in a recent development.
Crime Today News | INDIA