The One-Child and Two-Child Policies
While improved living standards have increased life expectancy, the state’s family planning policy – the one-child policy – has contributed most to the ageing trend. This policy was formally introduced in 1979 in response to concerns that uncontrolled population growth would jeopardise economic development and modernisation, and was strictly and effectively implemented in urban areas through workplace fines and other punitive measures.
But almost four decades on, the first generation of one-child policy children have now become parents themselves, placing on their shoulders the responsibility of potentially each having to support two parents and four grandparents.
To address this inverse population pyramid, the state ended the one-child policy in 2015, introducing a national two-child policy in its place.
But few couples – just 5 percent or 6 percent – opted for a second child, given the inadequate childcare and increased family living costs in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai.
Crime Today News | INDIA